Probiotics have a number of health benefits for humans and animals, such as reducing lactose intolerance symptoms and enhancing the bioavailability of nutrients. Probiotics help regulate intestinal microflora and improve immune function. Probiotics also decrease the prevalence of allergies in susceptible individuals, inhibit the inflammatory responses in the gut, and have antagonistic effects against intestinal and food-borne pathogens.

Bacteria typically colonize the intestinal tract first and then reinforce the host defense systems by inducing generalized mucosal immune responses. Reports indicate that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and their fermented products are effective at enhancing innate and adaptive immunity, prevent gastric mucosal lesion development, alleviate allergies, and put up defense against intestinal pathogen infection.

Mechanism of Action and Health Benefits of Probiotics


Mechanisms of action and properties of probiotics.


Clinical use of probiotics in different disease states.
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* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.


Probiotics play an important role in human nutrition and health, and in balancing the intestinal microflora naturally. Health benefits attributed to the consumption of probiotics include: maintenance of the normal gut flora, alleviation of lactose (milk-sugar) intolerance, improvement of digestive processes and absorption of nutrients, and stimulation of body’s immune system. Probiotics are now widely used in many countries by consumers and in clinical practice and their health benefits are being investigated extensively, especially in the last few decades. The need to find replacement therapeutic approaches to overcome side effects associated with the current pharmacological treatments, and the need for new antimicrobials due to the overuse of antibiotics has propelled forward research on probiotics against a multitude of disorders of varying severity given their favorable safety profiles.

Additional developments in the field of probiotics require cooperation between microbiologists, gastroenterologists, immunologists, nutritionists and food technologists reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the functional food research.

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

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